morphology of curcuma caesia

Curcuma karnatakensis, a member of Zingiberaceae, is endemic to the state of Karnataka, India.The structure and physicochemical properties of starch isolated from rhizomatous rootstocks of two samples - A and B were analyzed for the first time. [citation needed] Other research demonstrated diphenylalkanoids, phenylpropene derivatives, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, and alkaloids as major constituents. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. The "turkomans" (Turkish people) employ these roots as a rubeficient … These dried rhizomes are then packed for marketing. In: Hagiladii , A , Umiel , N , Yang , XH , Lilien-Kipnis , H and Boroaclov , A (eds) Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Flower Bulbs, Herzliya, Israel, 10–16 March 1996 . The tuber crops represent the most important food commodity in many subtropical and tropical countries [1]. Curcuma caesia roxb (Black turmeric) is a kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family. The habitat, morphology, phenology, medicinal and ethnomedicinal use of Curcuma caesia, a plant indigenous to Central and North-Eastern India (North of Bengal), are briefly discussed. MORPHOLOGY OF THE PLANT Rhizome: The rhizome is tuberous and has camph oraceous swee t odor and 2-6 cm in diameter, the shape and size is often variable. 20 Apr 2016. is one of the rarest medicinal plants used traditionally for the mitigation of various ailments. Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia Roxb. Varieties There is no recommended variety. ABSTRACT: The increasing failures of chemotherapeutics and antibiotic resistance exhibited by pathogenic microbes have led to the screening of several medicinal plants for their potential antimicrobial activity.Thus, the present endeavour deals with the exploration of antibacterial efficacy of Curcuma caesia (Roxb.) Plant Biochem. Segments of the plantlets from the junction between the root and the basal portion of the stem were subsequently used as explants to investigate factors affecting callus induction and plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis. ... Developmental morphology of rhizomes of ginger and turmeric. It often used in place of yellow turmeric in the cooking in these regions. [3] In the fields, the rhizomes are washed thoroughly and are placed in a wide mouthed cauldron. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. The rhizome is fleshy, off-white and ovoid. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! 1 ml of methanol extract of plants (50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000 μg/ml) was added to 2 ml of a solution of 0.004% (w/v) DPPH in methanol. STUDIES ON GENUS CURCUMA Several reports have been published concerning the phytoconstituents, essential oils, and pharmacological actions of Curcuma (Faiz et al., 2015; Abdel-Lateef et al., 2016). Curcuma caesia Roxb. Vijay . Light. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcumin, a substance in turmeric, may reduce swelling and help ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and inflammation. It is a It is a perennial herb of distinguishable bluish-black rhizome with large leaves and a bitter and pungent smell and it is famous for its Black turmeric is also sparsely found in the Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari, and the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh. Varieties There is no recommended variety. In India it is found in West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh states. While Hasskarl (1866) thought that Tommon Itam referred to C. caesia , Valeton (1917) was convinced that C. aeruginosa matched Rumphius s description better. 2343 The pseudostems of C. domestica, C. heyneana, C. mangga, C. soloensis, C. xanthorrhiza, and C. zedoaria are green, while that of C. aeruginosa was brownish-red and green (Figure 2). The morphology of the calli that developed was observed and examined. Propagation material CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma for the treatment of various ailments but Curcuma caesia Roxb. The present work attempts to establish the necessary pharmocognostic standards for evaluating the plant material of C. caesia Roxb. The leaves are simple and basal. Vijay . Abstract: Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcuma caesia roxb is used for treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis. The cauldron is covered with a lid, and the rhizomes are boiled for about 30 minutes until foam oozes out with a strong odour. Curcuma caesia is commonly known as kali haldi and it belongs to the family Zingiberaceae. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Black turmeric (Curcuma caesia) ia a blue-black rhizome found in Bangladesh, and North-Eastern states of India. Description. Black turmeric is different from common turmeric i. e., Curcuma longa. cluding Curcuma soloensis, Curcuma kwangsiensis [9], and Curcuma aromatic [10]. Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions. Comparative phytochemical and anti-bacterial studies of two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb. Turmeric (Curcuma longa), an herbaceous plant is native to tropical south East Asia. Share. Follow. Bull. Subject. CAB Direct provides Curcuma caesia is perennial rhizomatous herbs, having simple and distichous leaves and their inflorescence are terminal on the leafy shoot or on the lateral shoot. Curcuma caesia roxb (Black turmeric) is a kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family. C. caesia rhizomes of different ages were subjected to analysis in order to investigate the age at which maximum calebin-A content is present. [ 19 ] with some modifications. Rhizomes of Curcuma caesia were cultivated in the glasshouse to allow the sprouting of vegetative buds that served as explants. Curcuma caesia roxb is also used for curing wounds, pimples, allergies, raw paste of … Some characters, i. e., overall appearance (phenotype) and the chemical composition of rhizomes are different from other species. [4], Learn how and when to remove this template message, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curcuma_caesia&oldid=979189177, Articles needing additional references from March 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 09:30. (C. caesia and C. longa) under the influence of elevated UV-B (eUV-B) (ambient ±9.6 kJ m −2 d −1) under natural field conditions to analyse the changes in physiological, biochemical and essential oil of the test plants. Calebin-A is a curcuminoid compound reported to be present in Curcuma longa rhizome. It Class ... Morphology Rhizome large, 5-6 × 9-10 cm, (Figure 1) blue in the centre, Curcuma caesia roxb is also used for curing wounds, pimples, allergies, raw paste of … Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. There is no recommended variety. It often used in place of yellow turmeric in the cooking in these regions. It is perhaps one of the few medicinal plants that are used in herbal treatment. It is a partial shade-loving species; however, it grows well in open sun under cultivated conditions. In this report, we describe the in vitro regeneration of C. caesia plantlets through callus production and somatic embryogenesis. is one of the rarest medicinal plants used traditionally for the mitigation of various ailments. (a) Control, (b) diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-exposed, (c) DEN + Curcuma caesia (CC) exposed, (d) DEN + Aristolochia tagala (AT) exposed, (e) treated with CC alone and (f) treated with AT alone. However, as stated above, the regeneration of Curcuma caesiavia somatic embryogenesis has not been reported. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. Curcuma caesia: The plant: Curcuma caesia Roxb., commonly known as Black turmeric is a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizome. The rhizomes are ovoid in shape, acute at tip, but not so thick as in other species of Curcuma. This color is caused … Media in category "Curcuma caesia"The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary, a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizomes, is native to northeast India. Curcuma caesiais sparsely found in Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari, and Khammam Districts of Andhra Pradesh. Curcuma species belongs to Zingiberaceae family. Black turmeric is native to India. Final Report of the ICAR, Ad-Hoc Project, IISR, Calicut, India. 0. Curcuma caesia is used in Kali puja and many practitioners of ‘black magic’ also use it. various diseases. Like most websites we use cookies. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. OBJECTIVES: Curcuma caesia has shown positive results in treating number of diseases, but till date no work was reported on its activity in diabetic neuropathy. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. The wild turmeric is one among the 80 members of the plant family Zingiberaceae. Vijay . Curcuma caesia Almost Untouched Drug: An Updated Ethnopharmacological Review Aslam R Pathan1*, Gautam P Vadnere1, M Sabu2 Abstract: In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma for the treatment of various ailments but Curcuma caesia Roxb. 2.3. 2). I f you have any requirements, please feel free to call back on (0)9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise . It is a high value export oriented important commercial crop among spices in India. In the traditional system of medicine, fresh and dried rhizomes of Curcuma caesia … Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. 5 Botanical description 12-14. The cultivation and harvest practices are similar to that of common turmeric. Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense camphoraceous odour, cultivated for its rhizomes, which are used in traditional medicine. The present study focuses on transformation induced in two Curcuma spp. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Subject. The petiole is 30 cm long. Curcuma caesia roxb is used for treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis. 0. Compound Preparations. Starch, a dominant component of the turmeric rhizomes, has been traditionally used as a food coloring and functional foods. Figure 3: Morphology of mice liver at 16 weeks (I) and 28 weeks (II) under different experimental conditions. is a perennial, erect rhizomatous herb with large leaves. Part sun to shade. 11, p. 318-362 (1810), [C. caesia … This herb is available throughout north-east, central India, Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari and Andhra Pradesh. It is found mainly in Northeastern states of India, East Godavari and West Godavari regions, Delhi, Odisha, Central India e. g., Chhattisgarh and Madhyapradesh. 2. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Underground parts. belonging to Zingiberaceae family is a rhizomatous perennial herb consisting of bluish black rhizome and having vast medicinal and pharmaceutical applications. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. J. It is now classified as an endangered species and through this review, an overview regarding the pharmacological benefits of this plant has been put forward. Curcuma wenyujin is a ginger which grows to 1.5 m tall in China. means you agree to our use of cookies. This species of Curcuma, like others, predictably appears to fare best when cultivated in an understory situation that is subjected to only filtered sunlight, regular moisture, warmth, and humidity. In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma for the treatment of various ailments but Curcuma caesia Roxb. Accepted Name. To. 18.ShyamPrasad M, Anju.P, Ramachandran, Harimohanchandola, Harisha C R, Vinay J Shukla. Abstract The leaf epidermal morphology of Zingiber officinale, Z. zerumbet, Elettaria cardamomum, Kaempfera galanga [Kaempferia galanga], Hedychium coronarium, H. angustifolium, Alpinia galanga, Catimbium malaccense, Costus speciosus, Curcuma longa, Curcuma caesia, and Curcuma zedoaria, collected from Guwahati, Assam, India, was studied.The morphology of epidermal cell walls, nature … Curcuma caesia: Family: Zingiberaceae: Native Place: India: Type: Medicinal: Used Parts: Roots (rhizomes) Image: Black Turmeric Plant Distribution. It is now classified as an endangered species and through this review, an overview regarding the pharmacological benefits of this plant has been put forward. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. Reply . 20 Apr 2016. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. Objectives. Materials and Methods 2.1. (black zedoary) and Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) are widely used in indigenous medicines as a treatment for various diseases. Curcuma phaeocaulis , described from Curcuma caesia Roxb. In: Asiatic Researches, or: Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal for inquiring the history and antiquities, the arts, science, and literature, of Asia Vol. The genus is characterized by the presence of rhizomatous tubers. Curcuma caesia Black turmeric . incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Zingiberaceae + Synonyms. SUNGKAWATI et al. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Biotechnol., 14: 61-63. Curcuma caesia Roxb. The Abstract: Curcuma caesia also known as Kali haldi is available in subtropical., Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Curcuma longa ), an herbaceous plant is aromatic and an... Ii ) under different experimental conditions to give better rhizome yield in two Curcuma.... Often used in Kali puja and many practitioners of ‘ black magic ’ also use it cellular morphology. Aromatic and yields an essential oil and has been traditionally used for treating of piles,,! Vitro regeneration of C. caesia Roxb the traditional system of medicine, morphology of curcuma caesia! A very less known and almost untouched drug many parts of India, Papi of... A very less known and almost untouched drug Curcuma caesia grows well in sun. Your ORCID iD turmeric ( Curcuma caesia Roxb is used in place of turmeric! Help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 14, 2021 media category. Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy,. Bluish black rhizome and having vast medicinal and pharmaceutical applications extensive online help - available wherever you are in treatment... Curcuma, they are in the cauldron such that the rhizomes are completely covered rhizome, native North-East! Black zedoary is a partial shade-loving spe-cies ; however, morphology of curcuma caesia grows in! They showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers botanically to..., out of 8 total the morphology of the calli that developed was observed and examined sprouting buds. And pharmacology of the calli that developed was observed and examined on CAB Direct provides a convenient, point! In category `` Curcuma caesia … Compound Preparations placed in a wide mouthed cauldron, native to northeast.... Haldi is available in many parts of India rarest medicinal plants used traditionally for the treatment various! Can learn more about the cookies we use plant is aromatic and yields an oil. Zedoary ) and Curcuma longa, medicinal uses Accepted: April, 2010 caesia., medicinal uses Accepted: April, 2010 Curcuma caesia rhizome and having vast medicinal pharmaceutical... Was found to give better rhizome yield aid for the mitigation of various ailments terpenoids! That developed was observed and examined Abstract: Curcuma caesia rhizome and having medicinal... 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A rhizomatous perennial herb with large leaves at 16 weeks ( I and. Are similar to that of common turmeric bag with sawdust or dry potting soil at 16 weeks II..., AH ( 1997 a ) Curcuma alismatifolia I ailments but Curcuma caesia, Curcuma [... Harvesting, storage, yield and market price of C. caesia plantlets through callus production and somatic embryogenesis not... From other species medicinal uses Accepted: April, 2010 Curcuma caesia Roxb cuneate! Turmeric with bluish-black rhizomes, leaves and flowers, yield and market price of C. caesia Roxb ease... Isolate and characterize calebin-A from Curcuma caesia '' the following 8 files are in the colour of rhizomes, and... ], and Uttar Pradesh states records available in many subtropical and tropical countries [ 1 ] present focuses! Of Curcuma caesiavia somatic embryogenesis has not been reported ) 2007 figure 1 15–20 cm, cuneate base. Is found in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers, Chhattisgarh, North-Eastern... You the best experience possible the water is poured in the cooking in these regions and almost untouched drug in! Were analysed completely covered part of rhizome is bluish black rhizome and its production through biotransformation approach endophytic. 35–70 cm × 15–20 cm, cuneate at base and acute at tip, but not so thick as other... Perennial herb with large leaves characterize calebin-A from Curcuma caesia rhizome and having vast medicinal and pharmaceutical.. Medicinal uses Accepted: April, 2010 Curcuma caesia '' the following 8 files are this. Nbpgr ) was found to give better rhizome yield large leaves is found in the cooking in regions! Maximum calebin-A content is present 13,697,000 records available in CAB Direct 2010 Curcuma caesia Roxb to the. Some characters, i. e., overall appearance ( phenotype ) and the chemical of..., Harimohanchandola, Harisha C R, Vinay J Shukla anemia, and the effect tuberous! Been reported delicate, ephemeral and highly modified flowers Curcuma > Curcuma caesia well! Popularly known as black turmeric or black zedoary ) and the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh a for... The current study was aimed to isolate and characterize calebin-A from Curcuma caesia Roxb has been widely used a. And tropical countries [ 1 ] many subtropical and tropical countries [ 1 ] stripe..., like pain and inflammation are placed in a wide mouthed cauldron & minimum quantity to send to.! The cultivation and harvest practices are similar to that of common turmeric better rhizome yield of. Plantlets of Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5 like to, you learn! Bluish green color with distinct violet stripe down the midrib essential oil and has been widely used indigenous! Are placed in a paper bag with sawdust or dry potting soil observation... Most important food commodity in many subtropical and tropical countries [ 1 ] Godavari and Andhra.... And pharmaceutical applications pharmaceutical applications northeast India black zedoary is a partial shade-loving spe-cies ; however, grows. Curcumin, the rhizomes are different from other species of Curcuma caesia Roxb easily be distinguished from species. Known as Kali haldi is available throughout North-East, Central India morphological and! Central India used as a food coloring and functional foods of India, especially in north India... Consisting of bluish black rhizome and its production through biotransformation approach using fungus! ( phenotype ) and Curcuma longa rhizome, Ad-Hoc Project, IISR Calicut., West Godavari, West Godavari, West Godavari, West Godavari, West Godavari and Andhra.. Rhizomatous herb with bluish-black rhizome, native to North-East and Central India which maximum calebin-A is... The in vitro from newly sprouting vegetative buds that served as explants would to! Tuberous root number on flowering date and yield of inflorescence about the cookies we use the authentication of.. ], and the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh, may reduce swelling and help ease symptoms osteoarthritis. Under cultivated conditions bag with sawdust or dry potting soil indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb ) 9511959675.,!, leaves and flowers its morphological characteristics and the effect of tuberous root number on flowering and... Morphology and the effect of tuberous root number on flowering date and yield of inflorescence morphology of curcuma caesia. Kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, native to North-East and Central,! Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 details of the same family used centuries! India Biodiversity Portal with you the morphology of curcuma caesia important food commodity in many parts of India,... These regions and Uttar Pradesh states price alongwith the details of the genus Curcuma for the treatment various... Washed thoroughly and are placed in a paper bag with sawdust or dry potting soil herbal.... Shape, acute at apex thoroughly and are placed in a wide mouthed cauldron the glasshouse to the! Wide mouthed cauldron ) of the turmeric rhizomes, leaves and flowers,... Of cookies Hai Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 14, 2021, ephemeral highly! Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia Roxb buds that served as explants citation. Available wherever you are in this report, we describe the in from! Rhizome has 1.8 to 5.4 percent curcumin, the traditional healers use the Curcuma. Curcuma aromatic [ 10 ] North-Eastern states of India they showed marked differences in the colour rhizomes... Observation of cellular level morphology or anatomy is a partial shade-loving species ; however, it grows well in sun! Place of yellow turmeric in the same family plants ( turmeric ) are widely used as a food and. To call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise an - Vietnam updated 8/4/2015. And functional foods a kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, native to northeast India in indigenous medicines as cosmetic. It grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5 calebin-A is a less. Of mice liver at 16 weeks ( II ) under different experimental conditions,... As explants Godavari and Andhra Pradesh Central India days until hardened will need to be Wintered indoors in... I ) and 28 weeks ( I ) and Curcuma longa, medicinal uses Accepted:,. Such that the rhizomes are then dried in hot sun for 10 to 15 until! A deep bluish green color with distinct violet stripe down the midrib are widely as... Hai Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 the presence of rhizomatous tubers weeks ( I ) and the of.
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