usda lettuce production

The diversity of production and processing methods in the lettuce/leafy greens industry makes a single, universally applicable approach to food safety planning complicated. with well-balanced fertilizer with equal parts nitrogen, potassium and phosphate. The chart of daily shipments below reveals that romaine from Yuma was not the source of the fall 2018 outbreak as no romaine was shipped from Yuma until 3 weeks after the date of first illness on October 7. In 76 low- and middle-income countries, the number of food-insecure people is projected to increase by 83.5 million to 844.3 million in 2020 due to effects of COVID-19 on GDP. by Gregory Astill, Jessica E. Todd, and Elina Page. Shipments from Yuma returned to normal after November 26, when a new FDA advisory warned consumers to avoid romaine from California’s Central Coast. A census conducted in 2012 recorded more than 59,000 farms, covering an area of 7,704,444 acres. (USDA ERS Yearbook Data, 2016) The percent of total consumption of head lettuce and leaf/romaine lettuce derived from imports was 6.9 percent and 5.4 percent, respectively. The average yield of head lettuce in 2015 was 36,200 pounds. In 2019, California's farms and ranches received more than $50 billion in cash receipts for their output. Lettuce is produce year round in the U.S. Although number of farms, value of production, acres used, and state production information are not available for 2016 and 2017, the value of lettuce production during 2017 is $1.5 billion. Business and Economic Concepts and Principles, Opportunities for Value-added Agriculture, Renewable Energy - Related Websites and News Sources, Ethanol - Related Websites and News Sources, Biodiesel - Related Websites and News Sources, Feedstocks - Related Websites and News Sources, Energy Efficiency - Related Websites and News Sources, Value-Added Grants Help Dairy Family Realize A Dream, Value-Added Grant Jumpstarts a Minnesota Creamery, Value-Added Grant Helps Iowa Creamery Expand, Value-Added Grant Helps Missouri Farm Focus on Quality Products, 2016 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, 2017 National Value Added Agriculture Conference. Since 1992, annual production of romaine lettuce has increased from … In terms of production, the three largest vegetable crops are onions, head lettuce and watermelons. Lettuce Production Guide. The value of U.S. lettuce production in 2015 totaled nearly $1.9 billion, making lettuce the leading vegetable crop in terms of value. The January 2021 Wheat Outlook will analyze the 2020/21 WASDE supply and demand changes linked to new data released in three USDA NASS reports: Grain Stocks, Crop Production, and Winter Wheat and Canola Seedings. The animal pharmaceutical industry continues to develop new drugs, but a growing share are generic versions of existing animal drugs or are designed for companion animals (instead of food animals). Vegetable Production in Pennsylvania Agriculture is a major industry in the US Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Lettuce consumption was nearly the same in the previous three years, but down about 20 percent from ten years ago. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019, January 2020, Lettuce Help: USDA data on shipments of romaine lettuce can inform foodborne illness outbreak investigations and public health advisories, Beginning, Limited Resource, Socially Disadvantaged, and Female Farmers, Food Assistance Data & Collaborative Research Programs, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), International Consumer and Food Industry Trends, Trade Policy & World Trade Organization (WTO), International Food Security Assessment, 2020–30, Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019, Understanding Low-Income and Low-Access Census Tracts Across the Nation: Subnational and Subpopulation Estimates of Access to Healthy Food, ERS Coronavirus (COVID-19) Media Resources, Food Loss: Why Food Stays On the Farm or Off the Market, Developing Alternatives to Antibiotics Used in Food Animal Production, SNAP Redemptions Contributed to Employment During the Great Recession, Download higher resolution chart (2539 pixels by 2391, 300 dpi), Privacy Policy & Nondiscrimination Statement. California continues to be the leader in fresh vegetable production. In 2017 and 2018, there were three multistate, multinational foodborne illness outbreaks of STEC associated with the consumption of romaine lettuce that occurred at the tail end of either Yuma, Arizona or California’s Central Coast production seasons. These states also produce over 98 percent of the leaf lettuce in the U.S. These data, reported by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service with a 1- or 2-day lag, provide essentially real-time information on produce shipped out to retailers. Forecasts and estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2020F; and for States, 1949-2019. ERS studies programs such as the National School Lunch Program. Volume and prices reflect weekly marketing and supply chain conditions which can be affected by various factors including pests, weather, imports, exports, retail promotions, and labor disruptions. **** **** Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is the most popular salad vegetable. In fact, Americans are producing and eating a lot of lettuce; particularly romaine, leaf, and iceberg types. Selected Weekly Vegetable Movement and Price describes the change in shipment volume, farm prices, and retail prices of select vegetables for the week noted. Lettuce is a crop cultivated in Florida which is the third lettuce producer across the United States of America. In the early 1900s, the ice shipping industry developed in the western states, expanding the range and popularity of lettuce. Growers that have a zero-tolerance for weeds in all crops prior to growing lettuce have lower weed pressure, and over time, the soil seedbank can be depleted. Total lettuce production in the U.S. in 2015 totaled 8,087 million pounds with 5.7% of domestic production of head lettuce exported and 10.9 percent of leaf/romaine exported. This modified form is designed to facilitate questions that are specific to FSMA and its implementation. Lettuce cultivation provides jobs in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) to different stakeholders such as growers, seed companies, packing companies, labor contractors and families that work in these fields. 3. Maria Production Activities Activity JFMAMJJASOND Planting 1 st crop 2nd crop Growing Harvesting Ground Preparation Mid season Year end Timeline is for iceberg lettuce; leaf lettuce and romaine harvest through November. when apply the granular fertilizer in your lettuce patch, scatter the granules on the ground around your plants at about half the rate suggested by the manufactures. Head lettuce:Total production in 2018 totaled 40.6 million cwt, down 18 percent from the 2017 total. Enterprise Budget for Butterhead Lettuce, Iowa State University Farm Food and Enterprise Development, Sample Production Costs for Wrapped Iceberg Lettuce (2010), National Retail Report: Fruits and Vegetables: Weekly Advertised Prices for Fruits and Vegetables at Major Retail Supermarket Outlets, USDA ERS: Vegetable ad Pulses Data (2017), State of the Plate: 2015 Study on America’s Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables. Lettuce is of great demand since a profit was made. These data, reported by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service with a 1- or 2-day lag, provide essentially real-time information on produce shipped out to retailers. Salinas, California, in fact, is often referred to as “the salad bowl of the nation.”. In 2011, lettuce was grown on 206,000 acres in California, which represented 73% of the total U.S. acreage [11]. Once the seedlings emerge, a dose of fertilizer (kalachi) applied to maximize lettuce leaf production. Categorized by food type, the USDA Foods Product Information Sheets describe the items expected to be available for schools and institutions participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program, the National School Lunch Program, the Summer Food Service Program, and other child nutrition programs.. Lettuce is a cool-season crop that grows best with moderate daytime temperatures (73oF) and cool nights (45oF). California accounted for 71 percent of U.S. head lettuce production in 2013, followed by Arizona producing nearly 29 percent. Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. 2. Although lettuce is produced in many states, California and Arizona dominate U.S. production. The latest available data and analysis of potential effects of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on U.S. commodity markets. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists in California have developed 16 new lettuce breeding lines. Land clearing, mulching, mixing in of manure and Routine activities all contributed to the growth of lettuce. According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), lettuce was produced on 166,800 acres, down 7 percent from 2014, which may be attributed to the severe drought in California. California accounted for 71 percent of U.S. head lettuce production in 2013, followed by Arizona producing nearly 29 percent. Highlights from our current and past research, Monday through Friday. Stay informed by subscribing to our e-mail notification service! Since 1930, the lettuce production area has increased by an average of more than 1600 acres each year [12]. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of foreign governments, and analysis of economic data and satellite imagery. Among the 29 outbreaks of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 associated with romaine lettuce between 1998 and 2018, illnesses peaked in April and October, which corresponds with the tail end of harvest season in the two main romaine growing regions. In terms of value, the three largest crops are onions, tomatoes and sweet corn. Lettuce production in the United States is concentrated mostly in California and Arizona, where it is grown year-round. “Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 and Romaine Lettuce: Source Labeling, Prevention, and Business, by Astill, G.M., F. Kuchler, J.E. Crop Acreage and Yield Crop Acreage and Yields USDA produces charts and maps displaying crop yields, crop weather, micromaps, and crop acreage animations. Lettuce varieties are selected for specific planting periods and disease resistance. These outbreaks led to a total of 376 illnesses, 158 hospitalizations, and 7 deaths. Agricultural Trade Multipliers provide annual estimates of employment and output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy. Receive announcements of our latest reports and other news as shown on the ERS calendar. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. Area harvested, at 120,300 acres, was down 14 percent from 2017. SNAP-Ed also partners with others to bring EBT to more markets.This supports local agriculture and makes produce more available in communities. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Earlier, Europe and North America were the leading producers of lettuce; however, since the late 20th century, lettuce’s production and consumption had spread throughout the world. Lettuce is a cool-season crop that grows best with moderate daytime temperatures (73oF) and cool nights (45oF). Lettuce was harvested and a profit was made. ERS research found that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) redemptions were associated with increased local employment—with $10,000 of redemptions contributing to 0.4 additional urban jobs and 1.0 additional rural jobs. A profit of $ 840 was made. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964. Updated December 2, 2020. These comparisons are reported for a variety of foods sold in retail food stores. May 14, 2015. In 2015, annual consumption of all types of lettuce was 25.8 pounds per person, of which 51 percent (13.3 pounds per person) was head lettuce. ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) USDA data on daily shipments of romaine lettuce can be used to determine which production regions are free from contamination during a foodborne illness outbreak. Juice Factories: Lettuce comes in handy in juice production as it contains liquid nutritional contents which are mostly consumed by gyms and fitness centres. Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. USDA’s Economic Research Service: A Trusted Source for Farm Bill Research and Analysis. This replaces Market Inspection Instructions for Lettuce and Shipping Point Inspection Instructions for Lettuce dated July 1994. This monthly report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in oilseeds. Planted area was estimated at 120,700 acres, down 15 percent from the previous year. Production Management. 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usda lettuce production 2021