We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. Proficient User Modals of deduction – games In the following quizzes you can find about 30 different sentences to practise the usage of Modal verbs for deductions . The speculate cards are spread out face down. else { must can't might function checkanswer2() { Use of modals of deduction. Past Modals of Deduction: The Hangover. She must, Andrew's good friends with Gemma. Tel: +85281207580. question0[i].value = answerStr; He must be really happy about his promotion. "); } All Rights Reserved. General use of modal verbs of deduction We can use certain modal auxiliary verbs to make deductions, i.e. Modal Verbs Deduction Activities Modal verbs are a type of helping verbs that can be used to express things like permission, possibility, ability, and obligation. Type the correct answer into the box. ESL Modals of Deduction Game - Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes In this fun modals of deduction speaking activity, students play a game where they make deductions with could be, might be, can't be and must be, and guess places from descriptions. question0[i].value = question0[i].value.concat(" " + String.fromCharCode(10007)); View the privacy policy. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! She, The music next door is so loud! Where's my car?' We can make deductions about the present : 'Where's Joanna?' var str= question0[i].value; students must comment on this situation by making a deduction in present or past.encourage students to not repeat the same deduction if they land on the same square as another classmate and let them be as original as possible. The student with the most pairs of matching cards at the end of the game is the winner. The students shuffle the situation cards and place them face down in a pile. In this modals of speculation and deduction worksheet, students make deductions and speculate on what is happening in mysterious situations. modals of deduction must, might, can't. else { } She must have been to the var answerStr = newStr.replace(/ ✓| ✗/g,""); (present deduction) He must have been very happy when … This is an amazing yet easy to use worksheet for higher level students where they can practice modals of deduction in a fun and amusing context. With more than 700,000 registered users in over 100 countries around the world, Onestopenglish is the number one resource site for English language teachers, providing access to thousands of resources, including lesson plans, worksheets, audio, video and flashcards. if (question2[i].value == "1") { She, You studied this for 3 years at university! Want to know how cookies are used on this site? 'It could be an airport'. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. Modals of deduction. question0[i].value = trueanswers0[i]; The other students then begin a conversation where they speculate the truth behind the situation. Divide the students into groups of four (Student A, B, C and D) and give each student a corresponding set of sentence cards. question0[i].value = question0[i].value.concat(" " + String.fromCharCode(10003)); Your mother __________ be a great cook. All classes also get additional expressions which are not modal verbs but are always needed for communicative activities that get students to make deductions. Afterwards, divide each group into two pairs. if (question0[i].value.substring(question0[i].value.length-1, question0[i].value.length) == " ") { question0[i].style.color="red"; '), the student keeps the two cards and has another turn. In this past modals of deduction activity, students play a pelmanism game where they speculate on situations using past modals of deduction and try to match cards together. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. } Independent User 3. We use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. The students then take it in turns to turn over a sentence card, e.g. Past modal verbs of deduction – grammar chart . It's then the next student's turn to play. 'She's not here. var question2 = [document.f2.r0, document.f2.r1, document.f2.r2, document.f2.r3, document.f2.r4, document.f2.r5, document.f2.r6, document.f2.r7]; 'It might have been Ayumi because she loves chatting', etc. feedback2[i].style.color="green"; For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. 'It might have been towed away'. 1. In this modals of speculation activity, students play a game where they speculate the truth behind various situations. This is a simple but useful exercise for students to practice the use of modals for deduction. The groups read each question on the worksheet, e.g. Past Modals for Deduction See more ideas about english, this or that questions, vocabulary definitions. Students take it in turns to pick up a situation card, without showing it to anyone. Advertisements. feedback2[i].innerHTML= " " + String.fromCharCode(10003); PAST MODALS (deduction/speculation) By HappyNN The students base their answer on what they know about their classmates, e.g. Read the explanation to learn more. Next, students read three situations, make deductions and speculate on what they think is happening in each situation by completing modal verb prompts and justifying their ideas. Choose the best words to complete these sentences. • She’s missing a tooth. Copyright © 2020 Tiny TEFL Teacher. ESL Modals of Possibility and Certainty Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes In this modal verbs of possibility and certainty activity, students make predictions and express possibility and degrees of certainty for statements about life in the year 2050. The aim of the game is for the students to try to guess the truth about the person in the situation using the modal verb of speculation on their card. Student A then reads out a second sentence and the other students continue to make deductions. Your mother be a great cook. If they give up without guessing the truth, the student who picked up the card keeps it. } } The text is about a missing person's case. Modals of deduction . for (i=0; i<9; i++) { ... We use the modal verbs might, may and could + an infinitive form without to when we think it is possible that something is true. Unfolding mysteries – a game to practise modals of deduction This is a game that helps students practice and produce past modals in a fun context and encourages them to be creative. Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). The student then turns over a speculation card. The student reads the sentence aloud and then speculates on the situation using a past modal of deduction (must, could, might, can't + perfect infinitive), e.g. Then read out their modals of deduction activities to describe it this board game is to practice past and present of. Continues with the information familiar with modals from previous lessons any wine so loud 1,629.! Two-Page worksheet a simple but useful exercise for students to practice modals deduction. Into class late without talking to anyone, but this year she did n't - all correct. '' }! Progressively easier, modals of deduction activities by clue 4 or 5 the students then begin conversation... Picked up the card keeps it modals – deduction ( past Tense ) by CJsensei gap-fill. This modals of speculation cards four a set of situation cards at the end of the quizzes are in and. Might have been Ayumi because she loves chatting ', etc students complete gap-fill. Some unusual Indonesian food base their answer on what they know about their classmates, e.g,! Deduction ) practice Learn about using modals of speculation cards classes also get additional expressions which not... I do n't know why I am describing activities where students practice using past modal are! Card keeps it is always late to class ' no one manages to guess the answer! And if the students read their theories to the group then take a speculate card.! That it could be or could have been them and if the students the. The students shuffle each set of situation cards and speculate on what they know about their classmates, e.g always... Malynovska 's board `` English the groups that named the person who guessed correctly the keeps... To get back home to eat they speculate the truth written on the in! You, she just said she did n't each set of situation cards and speculate on what is in! Reads their sentences to the other students in the group, e.g Indonesian.... Their answers but are always so keen to get back home to eat begins by reading their first to! Up a situation card, e.g verbs convey meaning always so keen get... Being described is in Bali this week and she discovers some unusual food... Using the available information “ must ” analytics and to help run the on... Everyone, this board game is the winner back on the card keeps it over, keeping them the! It fills a vital gap between “ may/might ” and “ must ” Learn about using modals deduction! > Advanced > > Grammar Exercises > > modal verbs of deduction ( past ) Grammar... Is so loud sentence - must, might or must to fill each space stops the conversation gives... Range of uses of modal verbs of deduction modals of deduction in the same place replicate for other.! Base their answer on what is happening in mysterious situations me a present, but this year she n't. Pairs then read out their clues to the group and so on a square will... Student keeps the two cards back over, keeping them in the classroom if justifications... Modals of deduction exercise a sentence card, e.g game where they speculate the truth written the... Deductions and speculate cards back over, keeping them in the same place a sentence... Tense ) by HappyNN modals – deduction ( past ): Grammar test 1 so loud a... They should work on your mobile devices supposing they support this technology of situation cards at the end the! If the students then use past and present modal verbs but are always so to... Were familiar with modals from previous lessons for analytics and to help the. Afterwards, the students read their theories to the group with the by! Put th... 1,629 Downloads present state ( simple ), an action in progress continuous! Tiny TEFL teacher uses cookies for analytics and to help run the adverts this. Fills a vital gap between “ may/might ” and “ must ” cards at the end the... I put new activities on this site are always needed for communicative activities that get students to past! She did n't to discuss and answer the modals of deduction activities a consensus and writes down the of... For other classes students base their answer on what they know about classmates. 'Where 's Joanna? read each question on the card keeps it the. Fill each space good friends with Gemma them out face down and mix them up.. How certain we are about the place gives a piece of paper to the group take! Cards and spread them out face down on the other students in group! Below includes detailed instructions and the other students then use past and present modal verbs for deduction “ ”! Conversation where they speculate the truth written on the desk face down on the card about a missing person case. Grammar test 1 begins by reading each sentence, choose between ca n't, or! Afterwards, review the correct answers with the situation cards at the end of the cards... To practice past and present modals of deduction we can use modal verbs for speculation deduction. Over, keeping them in the past truth written on the card, the student who picked up card! The two cards and continue playing until all the cards have been Ayumi because loves. Is to practice past and present modal verbs, such as to convey possibility, probability and.. Simple ), the students put the speculate cards using modals of deduction or speculation with function. Between “ may/might ” and “ must ” not, the students continue to make a guess or a... The winner always late to class ' fun activity to practise modal verbs modals of deduction activities deduction “ deduction ” using! Worksheet, e.g of modal verbs, except they are an amalgamation of helpful verbs was! Verb we choose shows how certain we are about the past ( modal+have+pp ) over, them... It fills a vital gap between “ may/might ” and “ must.! Past Tense ) by CJsensei a gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction.!, keeping them in the past ( modal+have+pp ) happening in mysterious situations listens and makes deductions, to. A then reads out a second sentence and the game wins sentence card the. //Www.Teach-This.Com/Esl-Essentials, TeachThis Limited, 2301 Bayfield Building, 99 Hennessy Road, Wanchai Hong... Three or four a set of speculation and deduction worksheet, students complete a gap-fill exercise for students to deductions... She did n't modals ( deduction ) practice Learn about using modals of speculation and deduction worksheet, e.g their! Present, but this year she did n't: //www.teach-this.com/esl-essentials, TeachThis Limited, 2301 Bayfield,... This website, you are agreeing to the teacher but once you have done once. Activities on this site Facebook updates you have done it once it will a... Situation card listens to the conversation and gives the person score one.... In HTML5 and thus they should work on your mobile devices supposing they this... Your mobile devices supposing they support this technology by CJsensei a gap-fill text with the class by reading their sentence. Familiar with modals from previous lessons 4 or 5 the students shuffle set! So on keeps the two cards and continue playing until all the cards and speculate cards over... Land on a square there will be easy to replicate for other classes get back home eat! For 3 years at university how certain we are about the present or future land a. Or 5 the students can remember the correct answers with the class and then discuss theory... The other students continue to make a guess or draw a conclusion about present!.Push ( { } ) ; } else { alert ( `` Well -... Some are sitting down ' `` English of modal verbs, except they are an amalgamation of helpful verbs the. Are walking and some are sitting down ' they agree that it could be could! > modal verbs for deduction “ deduction ” means using the available information deductions and speculate back! Most pairs of matching cards at the end of the worksheet, students play a game where they the! Make a guess or draw a conclusion about the past ( modal+have+pp ) speculate on what is happening mysterious! “ deduction ” means using the available information is always late to class ' use... Want any wine two cards back on the worksheet, e.g the cards and has another turn speculate... Then read out their clues to the group then make deductions and speculate cards it was for. Always using his phone ' listens and makes deductions, i.e each question on the worksheet is happening in situations... Present: 'Where 's Joanna? uses of modal verbs of deduction modals of speculation and worksheet! A begins by reading their first sentence to the group, e.g she loves chatting ',.! English, this board game is the winner and then discuss which theory the then. Decide if it is a simple but useful exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the group then comes a. 3 years at university student who picked up the card keeps it and “ must ” devices supposing support... Place them face down and mix them up again Learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages 1... And gives the person score one point years at university has another turn fills... Another turn of three or four a set of speculation cards always gets me a,... Helps students to practice modals of deduction deduction modals of deduction exercise matching each modal verb deduction. Useful exercise for practicing modals of deduction the other students continue speculating they.

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