Moses then died “by the kiss of G‑d,” and no one knew where he was buried. But as the research proceeded, the conclusions changed. Most English translations mistranslate this phrase. the premature dismissal of Elijah in the midst of his prophetic activity (1 Kings 19:15–18) detached from the end of his life (2 Kings 2:11). Oops! 12:3), "there hath not arisen a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom YHWH knew face to face" ( Deuteronomy 34:10). [16] In fact, the role of Moses here contrast sharply with his (in)activity in the spy account in Numbers 13–14, where he does not offer a response to the people’s complaints (compare Deut 1:29–33 with Num. For more on this, see Zev Farber, “Punishing Children for the Sins of Their Parents,”TheTorah.com [2015].) After many hardships, Moses was used by God as his servant to free the Hebrew people from slavery and lead them to the edge of the promised land. The Biblical female name Miriam is of Hebrew origin and is considered to be an older version of the name Mary. Abraham lived to be 175 years old; Joseph’s lifespan was 110 years; Moses was 120 years old when he died. From Mount Nebo on “the top of Phasga” Moses views for the last time the Promised Land, and then dies at the age of 120 years. 5:9; Jer 18:21; Job 27:14), whereas here, the leader’s fate is affected by the fate of his contemporary generation. The NRSV takes a similar approach. The wrong attitude of the people is especially noticeable in light of the positive report this account attributes to the spies themselves: In this way, the people’s refusal to go up the land seems more unacceptable and unforgivable. 20:7-13). Moses then went up Mount Nebo to the top of Pisgah, looked over the promised land of Israel spread out before him, and died, at the age of one hundred and twenty. ; Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1983), 251–265 [251, 257–258, 264]. 13:30, 14:7–9). [3] And thus traditional (and modern) commentators have debated for two millennia exactly what they did wrong. 27–29). Contrarily, some sources claim that, as the kingdom went into mourning, Moses took the chance and left stealthily with his kinsmen, numbering around 15,000. Although Noah lived 950 years, his father, Lamech, lived only 777 years (granted we do not know if he died from old age). McKenzie suggests understanding the divine anger with Moses as a reaction to the initiative of sending out the spies (v. 23), that supposedly reveals Moses’ doubts regarding God’s capacity and leads to the people’s sin. TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. Because of Moses’ sin of disobedience at the waters of Meribah Kadesh (Numbers 20:12; Deuteronomy 32:51), Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land. While here, in Deuteronomy 1 and 4, this sin was related to the people, alternative traditions such as the one of P attributed the sin to Moses himself. But what exactly does the latter phrase mean? Then, on his 120th birthday, Moses ascended Mount Nebo, where G‑d granted him a view of the Land of Israel, which he so longed to enter. בגללכם, על דבריכם; “because of you”, “because of your words”, 1:37, 4:21). 13:28, 31–33, 32:9), the Deuteronomist makes no mention of the information that led to the people’s opposition. 4b–5). Genesis 27:1 And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. Genesis 48:10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. In a brief commentary from 1973, Anthony Phillips implied that the tradition in Deuteronomy about Moses’ punishment is similar to the model in Isaiah 53 of the suffering servant that carries the iniquities of the people (vv. 4, reflect an attempt to correct the impression that Moses died just because of old age like any other mortal, suggesting that a grave sin was responsible for his death. [19]In contrast, the redactional supplements in chs. 18–21, 28). [22] Editor’s note: For a related approach, see Jill Katz, “Moses: A Betwixt and Between Leader,” TheTorah.com(2013). Thus, like the reference in 4:21-22, the remark about Moses’ fate in 1:37-38 is secondary in its context. Thus, the age of Moses and Aaron at the time of the Exodus was 81 and 84 years old, respectively (rounding up the 8 months to the next year). [20] See, for example, Gen 18:24; Deut 30:6; 1 Kings 8.41; Jer 14:7 (and also where the term has the pronominal suffix as in למענכם: Isa 43:14, 48:11; Ezek 36:22, 32; Job 18:4). [15] God’s judgment of Moses is also surprising, since, if anything, Moses attempts to talk the people down once they refuse to continue the journey and blame God (Deut 1:29–33). The story in Deuteronomy 1 presents Moses’ fate as a result of the people’s exclamation regarding the land (vv. 7 Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died, yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone. The biblical term על דבר is usually translated as “because of,” based on translating דבר as thing, matter, or action, and therefore “for the thing/ in the matter.”[9] But when the term appears with a pronominal suffix “my, his, your” (e.g. other incidents that describe Moses’ direct reactions to the people’s rebellions: Exod 32:19–29; Num 16:4–12, 16). [4] The ending of Deuteronomy, which is the ending of the Pentateuch as a whole, contains pieces from multiple Pentateuchal sources, many of which independently record Moses’ death. Editor’s note: See also the discussion in, Eric Grossman, “Moshe Rabbeinu Never Died: The Hidden Ending,”TheTorah.com (2015). But how does Moses’ death benefit Israel and why is God angry with him? [18] The verb is only attested eight more times in the Bible, and only in poetry (Psa 78:21, 59, 62; 89:39; Prov 14:16, 20:2, 26:17). 7 Moses was 120 years old when he died. The people are very sad and cry because Moses is dead. We know that he was 120 years old when he died, “yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone” (Deuteronomy 34:7). Similarly, Rofé attributes the divine anger to the impudence of Moses’ decision to send spies to the land without consulting God. script>, The Settlement of Reuben and Gad: A Rhetorical Case for Transjordan as Part of the Promised Land, “Moshe Rabbeinu Never Died: The Hidden Ending,”, “Punishing Children for the Sins of Their Parents,”. This unit is characterized by varied uses of the root עבר (bold): God’s response to Moses here suits not only the specific account of Moses’ plea, but the broader context in the chapter, which describes the people’s preparations for crossing the Jordan and taking possession of the land, while experiencing a change in the leadership (vv. 5 So Moses, the servant of the LORD, died there in the land of Moab, just as the LORD had said. 1-3 frame a historical narrative that continues in the later Deuteronomistic historiography, and thus are Deuteronomistic in nature and not Deuteronomic. 27–28, 34). However, in Old Testament times that would be considered prematurely. Rather, the account indicates that God’s anger is evoked by the people’s negative response to the journey (v. 34). The mismatch of these details supports the observation that the verses explaining why Moses must die outside the Cisjordan are not an original part of the passage. Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died, yet his eyes were not weak, and his vitality had not diminished. Herbert B. Huffmon et al. window.location.replace(""); : b.Sotah 13b; Sifre Deuteronomy 32.52 [Ha’azinu]; Josephus, Antiquities 4:8, 48; Mat. The best known, and most often repeated claim is found in a narrative ascribed to the Priestly school, recounting that Moses’ death was a result of his wrongdoing with Aaron at Meribah: While the leader’s wrongdoing in the story is not entirely clear,[3] the narrative explicitly indicates that the failure was of Moses and Aaron (20:24, 27:12–14). Moses was the leader of the exodus and the wilderness wandering. Moses died in the land of Moab before the children of Israel crossed the Jordan River to go in to possess the land. The grounds for Moses’ “premature” death are presented differently in various sources of the Torah. Berean Study Bible Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died, yet his eyes were not weak, and his vitality had not diminished. In contrast to these, the main narrative of Deuteronomy attributed to Moses the experience of death as common to all mortals. עבר here functions as a Leitwort (literally, “leading word”; Hebrew, מילה מנחה) , appearing six times, and thrice in the previous passage (vv. English Standard Version Moses was 120 years old when he died. As reflected in Moses’ speech in Deuteronomy 31, the end of his leadership arrives when he reaches the traditionally limited number of a human life (cf. Deuteronomy 31:2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the LORD hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. 15, 33) at Horeb. Loewenstamm argues that the expression indicates an extension in the text (Samuel E. Loewenstamm, “The Formula BaÊ¿et Hahi’ in the introductory speeches in Deuteronomy”, From Babylon to Canaan [Jerusalem 1992], 42–53). Exod 20:5; Deut. Sinai, where God had first revealed Himself to Moses. Dr. Gili Kugler is a lecturer of Biblical Studies and Classical Hebrew at the Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish Studies in the University of Sydney. 5 And Moses the servant of the Lord died there in Moab, as the Lord had said. [14] Nevertheless, some scholars still look for a sin committed by Moses in this specific context. 4:21 Moses will not enter the land because of God’s anger with him (התנאף בי), which is an outcome of something for which the people are responsible (על דבריכם). [19] Likewise, the passage concerned with the decision about Moses begins with the expression “at that time” (בעת ההִוא, 3:23) which is a typical expression for recalling past events in this context (Deut 2:34; 3:4, 8, 12, 18, 21). By the time David wrote Psalm 90, the average age of people resembled those of today. In addition, we do not know how long Noah’s wife lived, but Noah’s son Shem only lived 600 years. 4–6, 11). Moses - Moses - Years and deeds: One of the measures taken by the Egyptians to restrict the growth of the Hebrews was to order the death of all newborn Hebrew males. Initially adamant, the Pharaoh began to yield slowly, finally relenting when his eldest son died from the plague, allowing the Israelites to leave Egypt. His mission ends at the climax of his life, closing the period of the wilderness wandering. (The Priestly agenda finds a marked reflection in Ezekiel’s prophecy that denounces the common view of collective/vertical retribution (Ezek 3:17–21, 14:12–23, 18:2–24, 33:7–20.) His prophecy was of a higher order than that of all other prophets. 9 Now Joshua son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him. Two of the statements refer to God’s reaction with the word התאנף (Deut 1:37, 4:21) whereas the verb ויתעבר is used in the other statement (3:26). 6 He buried him in Moab, in the valley opposite Beth Peor, but to this day no one knows where his grave is. [17] To this compiling work we can likewise attribute the remark about the “little ones” in v. 39a1 (וטפכם אשר אמרתם לבז יהיה) which is missing from the LXX. [7] J. Gordon McConville, Deuteronomy (AOTC; Leicester 2002), 55, 92, 95, 98. More humble than any other man (Num. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them. Alexander Rofé, Introduction to the Literature of the Hebrew Bible (Jerusalem 2006 [Hebrew]), 30. Moses had been supernaturally strengthened and protected from the effects of aging; he died because God had completed what He had planned for Moses. See the diverse rabbinic interpretations of the story in Jacob Milgrom, “Magic, Monotheism, and the sin of Moses,” The Quest for the Kingdom of God: Studies in Honor of George E. Mendenhall (eds. [2] Numerous post-biblical commentaries argue that Moses did not actually die, indicating by that the writers’ difficulty in accepting the normal end assigned to the great figure, e.g. [21] But the examination above shows that in earlier layer of the Deuteronomistic historiography no punishment actually needed to be borne. He was closer to G‑d than any human being ever was. [8] But the tendency to translate these statements of Moses with identical or similar wording misses the diverse terminology of the statements in the Hebrew text. ( TheTorah 2018), the Deuteronomic references that relate Moses' death to the people's sin (Deut 1:37 -38, 3:26 -27, 4:21 -22), are late insertions in the main narrative of Deuteronomy. John McKenzie, “The Historical Prologue of Deuteronomy,” Proceedings of the World Congress of Jewish Studies (Jerusalem 1965), 95–101, here 97. Verses 21-22 in Deuteronomy 4 seem to be a later insertion in their context, as they interrupt the discussion of the importance of the Israelites not turning to worship heavenly bodies once they enter the land: It is plausible that the remark in verses 21–22 was aimed at linking the law-giving account that begins in 4:44 with the narrative in the previous chapters. See similarly: Samuel R. Driver, Deuteronomy, 3rd ed., International Critical Commentary (London: Bloomsbury-T&T Clark, 2000; orig., 1901), 27, 60; Gerhard von Rad, Deuteronomy (OTL; London 1966), 45; Weinfeld, Deuteronomy, 191, 207; Dennis T. Olson, Deuteronomy and the Death of Moses: A Theological Reading (Minneapolis; 1994), 97, 150; Walter Brueggemann, Deuteronomy (AOTC; Nashville 2001), 55. Following Martin Noth, scholars have noted the strong connection between the book of Deuteronomy and the historical books, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings, which he called the Deuteronomistic History. According to the narrative of Deuteronomy 1 it was during an early stage of the journey in the wilderness that Moses was condemned to die outside the land (1:37, 46). Share. [24] A new person, Joshua, was needed to initiate the next stage of bringing Israel into the Promised Land. Thus chapter 1, followed by ch. Despite his age, Moses was still in his prime when he was called home. He is buried in “the valley of Moab … Moses was the greatest of men. In fact, it is arguable that Moses’ death was not considered punishment at all. According to the Bible, Moses was 120 when he died. The account of Moses’ death is in Deuteronomy 34. – Apologetic and Polemical Tendencies in the Story of Caleb in Josh 14” (VT) and “The Cruel Theology of Ezekiel 20” (ZAW). This same Deuteronomistic quality is also apparent in Deut 4:1–40, an even later passage, which contains a prediction of Israel’s future repentance and return to the land. // Javascript URL redirection At the end of this period, a new era with new challenges of settling in the land is waiting for the people. February 20, 2021. In addition, three different expressions are used to describe the people’s part in the event: בגללכם (Deut 1:37), למענכם (3:26) and על דבריכם (4:21), each of which have different meanings. Let us look at each statement in turn, paying careful attention to what it says in context. A hint to this concept is also found in von Rad, Deuteronomy, 210. One likely factor driving these translators is their desire to make this text correspond with 1:37, which reads בגללכם, “because of you.” Another factor may be the general context of chapter 4, which lacks any mention of specific words uttered by the people. Not a perfect man, but indeed, a great man of God. This remark reflects familiarity with the third and most original version of this tradition, the dialogue between God and Moses in Deut. There is also a very similar Egyptian name, based on the word myr, meaning beloved or mr meaning love. [5], Placed together in the framework introduction of the law section in Deuteronomy, the three abovementioned references to Moses’ death are considered by many scholars as reflecting the same narrative about Moses’ destiny: death outside the Cisjordan because of the people’s deeds. As I showed in my "Moses Dies at the Age of 120: Was It Premature?" His eye was undimmed, and his vigor unabated. According to this earliest account of chapter 3, why does God refuse to let Moses cross the Jordan and enter the land? 28–30). Nevertheless, the Deuteronomic explanation for Moses’ death in the Transjordan does not really fit the classic scheme of God’s indirect retribution, since this is generally about later generations being punished for the sins of their parents (cf. Horeb, called Mt. The story there not only keeps Moses clear of guilt, but also honors him as the ultimate figure to stay alive in case of a general massacre of the people by God (Num 14:12). [10] The sole exception is the ambiguous use of the term in 1 Kings 10.6 (cf. Deuteronomy 34:1-12 —Even though he was 120 years old, Moses had good vision and was strong enough to climb Mount Nebo. Gen 3:17, 12:13, 16), as the term למען does. 17:3–8 [cf. Over time, man’s lifespan continues to shrink. Moses died in the year 2488, just before the people crossed over into the Promised Land (Deut. His eyesight wasn’t impaired and he was still vigorous and strong. Accomplishments and Strengths Jochebed gave birth to Moses, future Giver of the Law, and cleverly spared him from death as an infant. 1 and 4, in summarizing and recasting this interaction, use the more common Deuteronomistic term ויתאנף to describe God’s anger (Deut 9:8, 20; 1 Kings 11:9; 2 Kings 17:18. The frequency of the root עבר in God and Moses’ dialogue (3:23–28), as part of the broader context of Deuteronomy 3, indicates the authenticity of Moses’ sentence in the chapter. According to tradition, Moses’ parents, Amram and Jochebed (whose other children were Aaron and Miriam), hid him for three months and then set him afloat on the Nile in a reed basket daubed with pitch. List of prophets names and Ages, prophets life duration, age of prophets noah, ibrahim, sulaiman, musa-moses a.s, muhammad s.a.w etc [8] The NRSV translates two of the statements identically (“The Lord was angry with me on your account”, 1:37, 3:26), and uses closely similar language for the third occurrence (“The Lord was angry with me because of you”, 4:21). The Lord showed him all of the Promised Land before he died. The Death of Miriam, the Death of Aaron, the Death of Moses, the Death of Me Chukat, Numbers 19:1−22:1 Death flows like a stream throughout Parashat Chukat —from the laws about repurification after contact with a corpse, to the death of Moses’s sister Miriam, to the death of his brother, Aaron. But these suggestions go beyond what is suggested in the text. Something went wrong while submitting the form. ×¢ יָמִים; Gen 35:29) and Gideon “ripe old age” (בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה; Judg 8:32). Num 14:11–24), the terminology of Moses’ speech in Deut 1:29–33 is an indication of the author’s familiarity with this scene (compare Deut 1:32 with Num 14:11 and Deut 1:33 with Num 14:13–14). But as referring to a notion of the people’s words the reference seems to indicate familiarity with a specific narrative, that is the story of the spies as described in Deuteronomy 1, which accuses the people for their utterances. Launched Shavuot 5773 / 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, All Rights Reserved. Gen 6:3): Thus, Moses’ end is the expected consequence of his mortality, which stands in contrast with YHWH’s eternality, and consistent presence among the Israelites (Deut 31:3b–4, Josh 1.2–5). How Moses Died Moses was 120 years old when he died. While בעבור can be used interchangeably with the particle למען (Gen 18:24–29, 27:19–25; Exod 9:16), it does not always convey “in favour of” (e.g. [4], In contrast to this Priestly conception, three earlier references to Moses’ death in Deuteronomy (1:37, 3:26, and 4:21) make no mention of a sin on Moses’ or Aaron’s part, and seem to offer a different explanation. Moses wrote this speech down as well, forming the book of Deuteronomy, the last of the Five Books of Moses. 20.1–13,” JQR 74 (1983): 196–228, here 228; Propp, “The Rod of Aaron and the Sin of Moses,” 21; Łukasz Niesiołowski-Spanò, “The Broken Structure of the Moses Story: Or, Moses and the Jerusalem Temple,” SJOT 23 (2009): 23–37 (26). [12] This explanation thus points to a problem in the text itself—the entire accusation about the people’s words (על דבריכם, 4:21) and the following reference (v. 22) seem misplaced. script type="text/javascript"> He was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, because he and Aaron sinned against the Lord when they failed to honor Him before the people at Kadesh (Numbers 20:7-13). So why were reasons for Moses’ death added in Deuteronomy 1 and 4? Please support us. vv. [21] Anthony Phillips, Deuteronomy (CBC; Cambridge 1973), 19. These scholars argue that this is evidence that Deuteronomy’s explanation for Moses’ death predates the innovative doctrine of individual retribution reflected in the Priestly narrative about Moses. 21-22). [18] The verb resonates with its more typical use related to “crossing,” thereby emphasizing that Moses’ crossing is against YHWH’s plan, in contrast to Joshua and the people’s crossing, which is in line with YHWH’s plan. [12] The only words mentioned in the chapter are God’s commandments (דבר, דברים, Deut 4:2, 9–10, 12–13, 15, 30, 36), referring to laws and statutes declared by him (דִּבֶּר, vv. In Deuteronomy 3, Moses encourages Joshua by saying that the natives of the Cisjordan will fall to him just as easily as the Transjordan fell to Moses (vv. According to Deut. Moses was 120 years old when he died, yet his eyesight was clear, and he was as strong as ever. [14] But here too, Moses’ comment about his death seems out of place, interrupting the flow from what will happen to the generation of the spies and their children: The obscurity of the judgment of Moses is especially noticeable in this context when comparing the narrative with its textual source in the account of the spy story in Numbers 13–14. By choosing similar wording, McConville conveys his assumption that the statements relate to and presuppose each other. 8 The Israelites grieved for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days, until the time of weeping and mourning was over. more likely indicate the consolidation of the passages rather than their patches. [6], This reading appears, for example, in Gordon McConville’s recent commentary on Deuteronomy, where he chooses the same expression to translate the statements in Deut 1:37 and 3:26 and closely similar wording for the statement in 4:21, suggesting that they express the same idea:[7]. Instead, chs. These supplements reflect the development of certain mythical dimensions of Moses, requiring that he did not die as a regular man. For example, NRSV and ESV render, “because of you,” NJPS translates, “on your account,” and the King James reads, “for your sakes.” Whereas these translations elsewhere render על דבר correctly, as connected to words,[11] they miss it here. Deut 34:7 Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died; his eyes were undimmed and his freshness unabated. [16], The depiction of Moses’ faultless involvement in the incident of Deuteronomy 1 makes God’s judgment of him (v. 37) even more obscure. Moses Harmon's passing at the age of 81 has been publicly announced by Aikens Funeral Home - Tampa in Tampa, FL . He was 120 years of age. Her book, When God Wanted to Destroy the Chosen People: Biblical Traditions and Theology on the Move, was published in 2019 by De Gruyter. He brought the people of … 37-38).[17]. Thus, Deut 32:51, which does mention the sin of Moses and Aaron at Mei Meribah, is considered part of P and not D. [5] Broadly, these chapters are part of the D source, but more specifically, they are a (later) Deuteronomistic addition to the D source. He and Joshua were the only two spies who brought back a good report about the land and believed that God could help them to take it. Showed him all of the wilderness wandering “ the valley of Moab thirty days, the...: his eye was not considered punishment at all Israelites grieved for ’! Judg 8:32 ) narrative of Deuteronomy, the fate of the congregation ( vv was not dim, nor strength... His age, Moses had laid his hands on him people resembled those of today, based the! Which is bitter or rebellious the scene of God ’ s wise words ( cf was strong enough climb... Mr meaning love assumption that the statements relate to and presuppose each other … Moses ' immediate goal Mt. The last of the current generation and their children ( vv Joshua son of was! Of all other prophets entrance into the Promised land before he died was clear, and his vigor unabated most. Scholars still look for a sin committed by moses died at what age in Deut 1 does not record scene... The people ’ s wise words ( cf the passages rather than their patches happens to be an older of. Josephus, Antiquities 4:8, 48 ; Mat wrote this speech down as well, the... Was buried great achievements and wealth ( cf together with the third and most original version of the (! The preposition למען, when Moses died Moses was 120 years old ; ’. Alongside the information that led to the people crossed over into the land! Today most people his age would be considered prematurely is suggested in the later Deuteronomistic historiography punishment! An hundred and twenty years old when he died his age, Moses had good vision and was enough... The the expression in the land twenty years old when he died is of origin... Died, yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone in 1 Kings 10.6 ( cf Conquered?! The spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him from Moses ’ as... Why does God refuse to let Moses cross the Jordan ( עבר הירדן.... That the statements relate to and presuppose each other on the word myr, meaning or. Why does God refuse to let Moses cross the Jordan ( עבר הירדן.... Came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel… ’ s opposition leader. Case of Deut 4:21 publicly announced by Aikens Funeral home - Tampa in Tampa FL. 32:19–29 ; Num 16:4–12, 16 ), who were blamed for negative. In their rocking chairs, but not Moses all Rights Reserved their children ( vv who were for. Be 175 years old when he died: his eye was not punishment. Deut 1 does not record the scene of God ’ s destiny than any human being ever was is! Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1983 ), 251–265 [ 251, 257–258, 264.. Misplaced in the land of Moab … Moses Dies at the end of this tradition the... Force abated my initial assumption in moses died at what age this investigation the next stage Israel! My `` Moses Dies at the age of 120, he did not of... Note that, when Moses died at the age of people resembled those today... Eyes were not weak moses died at what age his strength gone filled with the demise of the Jordan enter... The fact that, when Moses died Moses was 120 years old, it came into his to! In contrast, the servant of the coveted land beyond the border of the Lord had.... Kings 8:46 [ ×× ×£ ] ) firmly ensconced in their rocking,... As common to all mortals bitter or rebellious 7 Moses was 120 years old when died. A great man of God to the sacred mountain encouraged by the power sensed. Refer to King Solomon ’ s opposition: Eisenbrauns, 1983 ), the Deuteronomist makes mention!: b.Sotah 13b ; Sifre Deuteronomy 32.52 [ Ha ’ azinu ] Josephus... The support of readers like you the report of those spies who reconnoitred the land ( vv holds a from! God ’ s lifespan continues to shrink old age ” ( בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה Judg. ( and modern ) commentators have debated for two millennia exactly what they did wrong was Mt other.. 3 ] and thus traditional ( and modern ) commentators have debated for millennia... Similarly, Rofé attributes the divine anger to the people ’ s threat of destruction cf! As strong as ever see this reference to Moses Bible ( Jerusalem 2006 [ Hebrew ). And cry because Moses had laid his hands on him grounds for ’! Well, forming the book of Numbers that attributes to the Literature of the passages rather their! Most people his age, Moses pleads to YHWH to allow him to the... Him to enter the land McConville, Deuteronomy ( AOTC ; Leicester )... Expression in the plains of Moab … Moses ' immediate goal moses died at what age Mt,., a new era with new challenges of settling in the plains of Moab before children. As ever attached to a noun, indicates anyone on whose behalf action is done name Miriam is of origin... Age of 120, he did not die as a result of exodus! Hebrew ] ) the servant of the passages rather than their patches of. Moses Harmon 's passing at the age of 120, he did not die as a result the. It means wished for child, or perhaps even a quite different meaning, which bitter. Is interesting to note that, when attached to a noun moses died at what age indicates anyone on behalf... Reflects familiarity with the demise of the people of … Moses Dies alongside the information about the fate the... Vigor unabated verdict ( cf Sifre Deuteronomy 32.52 [ Ha ’ azinu ;! Is done over time, man ’ s wise words ( cf death benefit Israel and why God! Not premature, it is the ambiguous use of the verdict ( cf is to... Life so he could participate in the case of Deut 4:21 narrative of Deuteronomy, the narrative. The typical lifespan was much shorter than 120 Judg 8:32 ) ends at the age of 120: was premature. Land ( Deut indeed, a great man of God than any human being ever was extension... 1973 ), as well as to his great achievements and wealth ( cf premature ” are! Being ever was Nun was filled with the third and most original version the. Premature, it is interesting to note that, when Moses died in the plains of Moab as! The land and the wilderness wandering and modern ) commentators have debated for two millennia exactly what did. But the multiple occurrences of the name Mary possess the land over time man. End of this period, a new moses died at what age, Joshua, was needed be..., for a negative reaction to the land the Jordan and enter the without... Land before he died the report of those spies who reconnoitred the land ( Deut of settling the. 21 ] but the multiple occurrences of the information about the fate the. Unnatural extension of life so he could participate in the plains of Moab thirty days, until the time weeping! Them, and embraced them conclusion ( chs gave birth to Moses noun... And a blessings-and-curses conclusion ( chs and thus are Deuteronomistic in nature and not Deuteronomic needed initiate. About Moses ’ death was not dim, nor his strength gone 5773... Preposition למען, when Moses died Moses was 120 years old when he died and modern ) commentators have for! Literature of the term in 1 Kings 10:7–8 ), as well, the!: Eisenbrauns, 1983 ), דבריך, which is bitter or rebellious when attached to noun... ( Jerusalem 2006 [ Hebrew ] ), 19 just before the children Israel. This is despite the fact that, by Moses in the case of Deut 4:21, “ who Conquered?... The time of weeping and mourning was over 24 ] a new era with new challenges settling. ” ( בְּשֵׂיבָה טוֹבָה ; Judg 8:32 ) the other accounts, Deuteronomy 3 does record... Passages rather than their patches came to the Literature of the exodus and the wilderness wandering proceeded the... Old Testament times that would be firmly ensconced in their rocking chairs, but indeed, new. All mortals ] J. Gordon McConville, Deuteronomy ( CBC ; Cambridge moses died at what age ), דבריך, which refer! ; and he was 120 years old when he was still in his prime when he died, yet eyesight... With Israel, but indeed, a new era with new challenges of in... Land before he died, yet his eyes were not weak nor his strength gone ) nonprofit organization.We on! Ph.D. from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Egyptian name, based on the support of readers like.. Biblical female name Miriam is of Hebrew origin and is considered to be itself misplaced in the land without God. Mourning was over be an older version of this period, a great man of God ( vv, a... Bible ( Jerusalem 2006 [ Hebrew ] ) wealth ( cf reflect the development certain... Did not die as a result of the coveted land beyond the border of the leader of the died! S ) could be mentioned ( vv leaders of Israel ’ s was... Died there in Moab, as well, forming the book of Deuteronomy, 210 to... J. Gordon McConville, Deuteronomy 3 does not record the scene of God chapter 3, why does refuse!